The grizzly bear
is one of the most powerful animals in North America, but
it should be feared no more than any other type of bear. Like
all bears, it should be treated with respect.
• An estimated 6,300 grizzlies inhabit the Yukon from the
B.C. border to the Arctic coast.
per cent of the grizzly’s diet is made up of vegetation such
as roots, grasses and berries. It also eats small rodents,
salmon, moose and caribou when available.
• The average
adult male weighs about 175 kg when it emerges from its den
in the spring; the average female weighs about 100 kg. Yukon
grizzlies are about two-thirds the size of grizzlies in more
productive southern or coastal regions.
• The grizzly reaches
its adult size of about one metre at the shoulder in 7 to
• It has
a lifespan of about 20 years.
• The grizzly
bear’s fur ranges in colour from dark brown to almost blonde.
The longer hairs are often yellow-tipped, giving the bear
its “grizzled” appearance. Some bears have dark brown fur
on their back and blond fur on their legs.
characteristics of the grizzly include a concave face, a prominent
hump over the shoulders and long claws about the length of
a human’s fingers. The claws are better suited to digging
rather than tree climbing.
• The grizzly
can move at speeds of up to 60 km/h over short distances.
Like all bears, it is a good swimmer.
• The female
produces its first litter at 6 to 10 years of age and every
3 to 5 years afterwards. A litter usually consists of two
cubs. The reproductive rate of this species is so low that
the loss of even a few bears can have a major impact on the