SIR ISAAC NEWTON
Isaac Newton was born at Wools Thorpe near Grantham, Lincolnshire in England. His family was not very rich, in fact he worked on a farm. Three months before he was born, his father passed away. This made Hanana Newton (His mother) ill. She had Isaac prematurely. He was small and weak, but he lived. His mother then married a wealthy man named Rector Smith. She left with Mr. Smith to live in a nearby village. Isaac stayed with his grandmother and was raised there. Ten years later his mother returned with 3 children from her second marriage. At the age of 16 he was expected to take over the family estates. He was not a good farmer though. He liked to invent things and find out the truth about questions that had been puzzling people for years.
In 1661 he went on to Trinity College. He lived in Cambridge for 35 years,
and then went on and invented things like the telescope, and he also answered many hard questions and proved truth to many theories later in his life. He died in 1727
at the age of 84.
In a local school he learned how to read, write, and do math. He then went to the Grammar School of King Edward VI at Grantham Smiles. In university he studied science and philosophy, and also math and geology.
Other facts about Isaac Newton
People who inspired him
Isaac Newton was inspired by a variety of people, here is a list of them:
Sir Frances Bacon
John Flame Teed
Isaac Newton became publicly active after he published the Princapia. In 1684 Isaac became a Cambridge university member of parliament. He also became a warden of the royal mint. He was then appointed a member of the Royal Society and council, and an associate of the French Academy. Four years later he became the president of the Royal Society in 1703. Two years after that he was knighted by Queen Anne.
Isaac Newton did not enjoy arguments that arose from his discoveries. When Newton made theories he was criticised by various people. Most likely, many were simply afraid that his theories would be correct. Newton liked to spend most of his time studying mathematics, physics and astronomy. He also spent a lot of time trying to figure out theology and biblical chronology. He was a typical absent-minded professor.
Discoveries of Newton
Laws of gravity and motion
In 1687 Newton shook the scientific world with the mathematical principals of Natural Philosophy. The laws included:
1)Moving objects continue to move in a staight line. An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon an outside force
2) The amount of acceleration is determined by both size and
mass of the object.
3)For every action there is an equal and an opposite reaction to the object.
Light and Colour
Isaac Newton was able to explain why bodies have the colour that they have . He discovered that sunlight is a mixture of light with all of the colours of a rainbow. He proved that theory by passing a beam of sunlight through a prism and studied the colours it produced. The study of light led to the construction of a new telescope in which a reflection mirror was used instead of a combination of lenses. The telescope was six inches wide, and through it one could see the satellites of Jupiter.
Time Life. Understanding science and Nature.Virgina: Time Life Press.
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Parker, Steve. Science Discoveries Isaac Newton and Gravity.China.1997
Chad and Tiffany