ELIZABETH 1


1533-1603





Patron of the Renaissance



INTRODUCTION


The time that Elizabeth ruled was called the Golden Age.


BACKGROUND


Elizabeth was born on September 7, 1533, in Greenwich an estate near London; she was the daughter of Henry VIII, who died on January 28, 1547. She had her father's red hair and pale eyes. Elizabeth's mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed for treason on May 19, 1536.

Young Elizabeth was well-educated and knew a number of languages. She loved all music and the arts. Elizabeth became the queen of England at the age of 25. She ruled from 1558 to 1603. Elizabeth never married and died on March 24, 1603, at the age of 69 after 45 years of being the queen.


ACCOMPLISHMENTS


Elizabeth brought in new types of architecture. The first theatre was built under her rule. Shakespeare wrote plays, and she had them performed in her theatre. Her court became the centre for musicians, writers and scholars. She encouraged dancing, banquets, poetry, music and, most of all, drama.

She also encouraged exploration. Francis Drake sailed around the world under her rule. Sir Walter Raleigh, a sailor, was given land in the New World by Elizabeth and encouraged to send colonists there. The English treasury grew rich and the country prospered. Merchants, bankers, yeoman, farmers and artisans prospered.

She also made the first church of England a Protestant denomination. She avoided war with the Roman Catholic nations. She published an Elizabethan Prayer Book.

She encouraged great men such as Marlowe, Johnson, Beaumon, Fletcher and Shakespeare.


IMPACT


Elizabeth 1 was a great patron. By doing this she helped the Renaissance flourish in England.


Francis Drake was a great explorer of the Renaissance.





BIBLIOGRAPHY


1. Frank, M. Irene. Women's World, A Timeline of Women in History. New York, Harper Collins Publishers, Inc., 1995, pp. 44-49.

2.Reeves, Marjorie. The Elizabeth Explorers. London, Longman Group UK Limited, 1990, p. 22.

3. Rowse, A. L. Elizabethan England: Life in an Age of Adventure. London, Readers Digest, 1982, pp. 8-30.

4. Stearns, Monroe. Elizabeth 1 of England. New York, Franklin Watts, Inc., 1970, pp. 3-24, 159-180.




This page was prepared by Eliza and Elana, Grade 8, Riverdale Junior Secondary School.