Nicolo Machiavelli was one of the most influencial people of the Renaissance.
Machiavelli lived from 1469-1527 and was born in Florence, Italy. As well as an Italian statesman, and a Florentine patriot, he was the head of the Second Chancery at the age of twenty-nine. Nicolo was a senior civil servant but when the republic was overthrown, he was imprisoned and tortured. Machiavelli was released in 1513 and retired to work on his major writings. He had a preoccupation with military affairs.
Machiavelli was also a political and military theorist, a playwright, a diplomat, a military planner, and wrote many books and poems. Among his writings are Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius, The Art of War, Mandragola, History of Florence, and, of course, Il Principe.
1. Jennys, Bruce. "Machiavelli." Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc., 1995.
2. "Machiavelli." Encyclopedia of Britannica, 1985, pp. 627-629.
3. Machiavelli, Nicolo. "The Perfect Prince, An Observant Pope." The Renaissance. Washington, National Geographic, 1970, p. 88.
4. Mee, Charles L. Lorenzo De' Medici, New York, 1969.
5. Neilson, William A. "Machiavelli."Webster's Biographical Dictionary,
Springfield, G. & C. Merrian Company, 1971, p. 944.