Marco Polo was a Venetian (Italian) explorer who travelled through Central Asia and China.
Marco Polo was born in 1254 and he died in 1324. He was an Italian explorer from Venice. His mother died after giving him birth. He was named after an uncle and grew up to be a strapping youth. His aunt and uncle raised him. He learned how to read and write. His father and uncle were both merchants. He was seventeen on his first journey to China in 1271.
Marco Polo travelled to China with his father and uncle over the Silk Road which was an overland route to China. He worked for Kublai Khan, the Mongol Emperor, for seventeen years. He sailed home instead of going overland. He brought back ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain and silk. He told about the Chinese use of coal, money and compasses. He met Rustichello, a famous writer, who wrote about Marco Polo's travels in a book called THE BOOK OF TRAVELS. Marco Polo became famous for his travels through Central Asia and China. His book gave Europeans some of their earliest information about China.
His information was received with astonishment and disbelief. His book stimulated interest in the Orient. It was widely read. It stimulated trade.
The route that Marco Polo took to get to China.
1. Hart, Henry. "Marco Polo." Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc., 1995.
2. Lomask, Milton. Great Lives. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988, pp. 220-228.
3. "Caledonia." World Book Encyclopedia. 1981, vol. 3, pp. 650-651.
This page was prepared by Ian, Grade 8, Riverdale Junior Secondary School.